Friday, 19 August 2016

Sporting programmes Part 3: Ice Hockey, Speedway and Auto 66 Club

Humberside Seahawks & Hull Stingrays 
programmes [Ref L.796.962(5)]
Founded in 1988 the Humberside Seahawks went through several name changes, and were known as Humberside Hawks (1993-1996), Kingston Hawks (1996-1999), and Hull Thunder (1999-2003), before becoming Hull Stingrays. 

Financial pressure forced the club in to liquidation in 2015. Our holdings cover the Humberside Seahawks era (1988-1995). 

Unfortunately, there are no programmes from the days of Kingston Hawks and Hull Thunder, and just a handful of programmes are available for the Hull Stingrays for 2010. 

Hull Vikings speedway programme [Ref L DSHV]
Hull Vikings are said to have been the most successful sporting team to come out of the city in terms of awards, winning the Premier League treble, Knockout Cup and Play-off Shield in 2004. Originally starting as the Hull Angels in 1947, they became known as the Vikings from 1970. 

We hold one programme from Hull Speedway in 1949, with the rest covering 1970-1981 and 1995-2001.  

Auto Club 66 programmes from the grass track 
and Elvington in 1970 [Ref L.796.75(5)]
Surprisingly, we came across Auto Club 66 programmes covering 1970-81. The club was formed by a group of enthusiasts in 1966 (hence the name) and in 1968 the club ran its first grass track. In 1970 the club gained use of Elvington Airfield, near York and later Carnaby Raceway at Bridlington. 

Today the club is based in Scarborough and consists of motorcycle race meetings at Scarborough’s Oliver’s Mount and Cadwell Park circuit, Lincolnshire. 

Our holdings of speedway programmes can be searched using the online catalogue at L DSHV] with the library card catalogue listing holdings for Ice-Hockey at L.796.962(5), and Auto 66 Club at L.796.75(5). If you have any programmes you no longer want, please consider us.

If you missed the previous parts of this three part series - see Part 1 - Rugby and Part 2 - Football.

Neil Chadwick
Reader Assistant

Friday, 12 August 2016

Sporting programmes Part 2: Football

There are a small number of Hull City AFC programmes [L DSHC] from 1912-1968, featuring club greats like Raich Carter and Ken Wagstaff. Programmes, however, mostly date from 1970 when the club played in football’s lower leagues. For example, the club faced relegation to the old Third Division in 1995/96 season, and things went from bad to worse with the club once again looking at relegation, this time from the Football League during 1998/1999 season, which has since been described as the ‘Great Escape’ when the club was steered to safety by the then player-manager, Warren Joyce. New ownership and a move to the new KC Stadium brought about the clubs revival. Back-to-back promotions took the club in to the second tier of English football before their play-off victory at Wembley in 2008, which saw promotion to the Premier League for the first time in the club’s history. We hold programmes for Hull City AFC’s first two seasons in the Premier League, 2008/09 - 2009/10.
Hull City match programmes for the 1971/72, 1998/99 & 2009/10 seasons [Ref L DSHC]

North Ferriby Utd match programme from
2009/10 season [Ref L.796.334]
Another of the areas well known football clubs is North Ferriby United. Formed in 1934 the club has enjoyed success over the years. For example, they took part in the East Riding Church League and winning the Division One title in 1938, while in 1982 they reached the Third Qualifying Round of the FA Cup before losing away to Boston United. 

More recent years have been the clubs most successful, most notably with promotion to the Northern Premier League in 2005 and in 2013 with promotion to the Conference North. However, the clubs biggest trophy came on the 29 March 2015 when they beat Wrexham FC of the Conference Premier at Wembley Stadium. Unfortunately we don’t have a copy of the programme for this match in our collections, if anyone would like to donate one, please contact us. Our holdings of official match programmes do not start until 1989, but the clubs most successful period from the 2000s is largely complete and gives insight in to one of the areas most successful and well-known semi-professional clubs. 

Programmes for Hall Road Rangers also feature. Originally set up in 1959 as a youth club for the Sunday league football, the club today plays in Northern Counties East League Division One. Match programmes cover 1994-2012.

Our holdings of Hull City match day programmes [L DSHC] can be found on our online catalogue, with other football match day programmes, including North Ferriby United, to be added to the catalogue soon. 

If you missed the first part of this three part series - see Part 1 - Rugby

Neil Chadwick
Reader Assistant

Friday, 5 August 2016

Sporting programmes Part 1: Rugby

Two of the ten shelves holding our official sporting
programmes, together with customized boxes
Closure week in November 2015 gave us the chance to re-box and move our official sports programmes in to one series, making them easier to retrieve for public viewing. 

It also gave us the opportunity to take stock and review our holdings, especially on the back of the success of our Rugby League exhibition in 2013 during which we received donations of match programmes for both Hull FC and Hull Kingston Rovers.

Although not complete our official sporting programmes give an insight in to a clubs history. Useful if you are researching a club at given point in history or a particular game. You may, however, simply wish to reminisce. 

Unsurprisingly, a large part of the collection is made up of rugby league programmes. Programmes for Hull FC [L DSHFC] and Hull Kingston Rovers [L DSKR] date from 1960 onwards. The 1980’s were arguably Hull FC and Hull Kingston Rovers most successful period, when between them, they won the 1982/83, 1983/84 and 1984/85 championships, and not forgetting the 1980 Challenge Cup Final at Wembley. The decline of both clubs during the 1990s is also covered, including the ill-fated Hull Sharks venture and Hull KR’s relegation to Division Three, before revival and the Super League era.

Selection of programmes for Hull Kingston Rovers & Hull FC
covering the 1980s [Ref L DSKR & L DSHFC]

It’s not just Hull’s professional rugby league clubs that feature among our rugby programmes. Being a rugby town, a small number of local amateur clubs feature. However, these are less in number, mainly because fewer were produced compared with professional clubs. Among the collection is East Hull RUFC with two programmes for the 1965-66 & 1966/67 seasons. However, it is rugby league programmes that feature more prominently among the collection. A small number of programmes are held for Hull Dockers, West Hull, Ideal Isberg, Cottingham Tigers and Hull Phoenix covering the mid-1990s and early 2000s. Although limited in number they do provide a snap shot of amateur rugby league in the city in the last decade of the twentieth and first few years of the twenty first centuries.

A full list of official programmes for Hull FC and Hull Kingston Rovers can be found on our online catalogue. Other rugby match day programmes will be added to the catalogue soon.

Neil Chadwick
Reader Assistant

Friday, 1 July 2016

Problems with Preservation (or 'Why I hate sticky tape')

Creation of the final catalogue for the papers of the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) is now well underway, and something that’s taking up quite a lot of time is basic preservation work. This might be something of a surprise when working with a relatively modern collection, with the bulk of the content dating from the mid-late twentieth century.

A typical ACPO subject file

The majority of the collection consists of subject files. These contain correspondence, extracts from minutes, reports and other documents relating to subjects as diverse as uniforms, chief officers’ salaries to dangerous drugs and explosives. Although almost the entirety of the records are in hard copy which is generally understood to be more stable than digital records, each file is plagued with potential conservation issues.

Much of the paper is brittle and acidic, minute extracts are attached using sticky tape, staples or pins. The tape has turned yellow and crunchy and although it’s lost its stickiness, there’s plenty of discoloured residue on all of the documents it’s come into contact with. Many of the staples and pins are rusty and disintegrating, with oxidised metal damaging the paper and crumbling into dust in the boxes. Some files are crammed so full that the file folders themselves have split and the treasury tags holding them together have eaten through the flimsy copy-paper.

File with sellotape, brittle paper and metal fixings

In an ideal world every folder would be taken apart with each page being given conservation treatment specific to its condition. This might include the careful removal of staples or tape, or placement in a protective sleeve to prevent cross contamination or further discolouration. Some content such as Photostat copies may require the creation of preservation or access copies in a more stable format. Flimsier items may need protecting in melinex sleeves to prevent further damage. Each page would then be numbered in sequence and placed, in order, in a custom made folder (along with the original folder binding which contains its own valuable information) ready for storage.
However, given the scale of this collection (nearly 600 boxes, many containing multiple files, some of which consist of hundreds of pieces of paper), this represents a huge amount of work and expense for conservation materials. As with many collections from this period it simply is not feasible to undertake conservation activities to this level.

Rusty metal removed from files

All of this said, we’re doing everything we can to ensure the collection’s survival and continued availability. It is stored in archival quality folders and boxes in our carefully climate controlled stack room. As many non-brass staples and paperclips will be removed as time allows, and items previously affixed with (no longer sticky) sticky tape will be attached with brass paperclips to ensure they are not orphaned from their original location. Where files have become so unstable that damage through handling is unavoidable, digital surrogates will be made to ensure access can still be provided.

Talk is often made of the ‘digital black hole’ our society is facing, in relation to our ignorance or inaction regarding suitable ways to store, preserve and provide access to born digital records in the long term. People often describe this problem as the result of the ‘paradigm shift’ between physical and digital record-keeping technologies. However, this transition could be considered just an extension of the increasingly ephemeral nature of paper records in the twentieth century resulting from the drive to save money. Is this development less of a complete turn and more a gradual slide from organically derived more stable recording media such as parchment or high quality papers, which we know have tremendous longevity in the right conditions, towards cheaper, increasingly artificial information storage methods which require greater human intervention to ensure long term preservation.

Rather than focusing on a purely ‘digital black hole’ then, should we instead be considering what the impact of a ‘late twentieth century gap’ would be to our cultural history? Should we stop looking at the preservation of digital records in isolation from their analogue counterparts? Despite many of the tools used in digital preservation such as OAIS being designed to accommodate records regardless of format, a distinction between these two types of record format is still very much felt in the world of archives.

As for the ACPO papers, although there is a possibility that the records may incur further damage as a result of being handled, archival preservation has to always find a balance between protecting the documents and enabling access. The work I am doing to preserve the records is designed to minimize this possibility, but these dangers were built in to the records at the point of creation. Short of completely destroying the originals (a step some archives are beginning to take), this is unavoidable.

Alex Healey, Project Archivist (ACPO)